Mineral arsenato hidratado de índio: InAsO4.2H2O, ortorrômbico de cor verde.
Mineral descoberto em 1992 (Botelho et al. 1994[*]) e descrito no depósito de estanho Passa-e-Fica, Maciço Mangabeira, município de Monte Alegre de Goiás. Mineral semelhante à escorodita (FeInAsO4.2H2O), ambos formados por substituição de arsenopirita.
[*] Botelho,N.F.; Roger,G.; D'Yvoire,F.; Möelo,Y.; Volfinger,M. 1994. Yanomamite, In(AsO4)2H2O, a new indium mineral from topaz-bearing greisen in the Goiás Tin Province, Brazil. European Journal of Mineralogy(1994), 6: 245-254. (Ver Abstract abaixo)
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Botelho et al.,1994
Yanomamite, In(AsO4)2H2O, a new indium mineral from topaz-bearing greisen in the Goiás Tin Province, Brazil
European Journal of Mineralogy(1994), 6: 245-254.
Palavras chave: Arsenato, Granito, Greisen, Indio, Sulfeto
Yanomamite occurs as green to yellow-green 0.2 mm dipyramidal
crystals in aggregates associated with scorodite in quartz-topaz greisen in the
tin deposit of Mangabeira, Goiás State, Brazil. Yanomamite crystals are always
coated by a film of In-rich scorodite. Electron microprobe analysis gave In203
45.80, Fe203 1.11, Al203 0.21, As2050.10,
H20 (by difference) 12.78, sum 100 wt%, corresponding to (InO.94Fe0.04Al0.01)
As04.2.02H20. Yanomamite is isotypic with scorodite, and belongs to
the variscite series. The mineral has vitreous luster, white streak, VHN25=
631 (571-743) kg/mm2, and is soluble in strong HCl or H2S04.
Dcalc = 3.876(3) glcm3 for Z = 8. Yanomamite is colorless in
transmitted light, biaxial positive, and has 2 V = 55-76°, average n
= 1.65, orientation X = a, Y = c, Z = b. Single-crystal X-ray
study indicated orthorhombic symmetry, space group Pbca, a = 10.446(6),
b = 9.085(4), c = 10.345(6) A as refined from the powder pattern;
strongest lines (CoKal radiation) are 5.70(70, 111), 4.53(100,020,210),
4.163(50,021), 3.874(60,121), 3.250(60,122), and 3.110(50,311), in good
agreement with data for synthetic InAs04.2H20.
The Mangabeira tin deposit contains several In-bearing minerals, including sphalerite with up to 11 wt% In. The maximum In content found in scorodite overgrowths is 6 wt% In203, corresponding to FeO.90In0.l0; maximum Fe substitution in yanomamite is In0.85Fe0.l5, suggesting a possible miscibility gap. The origin of yanomamite is thought to be related to a hydrothermal event rather than later oxidation, formed by alteration of early arsenopyrite and In-rich sphalerite. The new name relates to the Yanomami Indians of the Amazon. Type material is in the museum of the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris, France, and in the Mineralogical Collection of the Instituto de Geociencias, Universidade de Brasília, Brazil.